These are what we consider to be the best “free-wheeling” routes in Canada but we caution that they vary greatly in difficulty. Many of them are part of the Trans-Canada Trail* system (see below). If your priority is safety we suggest one of the routes that follow “re-cycled” (no pun intended!) railway lines that have been abandoned and given new life as multi-purpose trails for walkers and cyclists. To get the most out of your tour we advise you to plan well by using the links we have provided. Whichever route you choose you can make your journey safer by reading about, and adhering to, advice on local road hazards, wildlife meetings and applicable safety laws (helmets etc.). Enjoy your tour!
* Trans Canada Trail: When completed in 2010, this will be the longest trail of its kind in the world, connecting the regions, the three oceans and the people of Canada in a new way. The 18,000 km recreational corridor will wind its way through every Province and territory, linking 800 communities along its route. Click to view map
1. Confederation Trail, Prince Edward Island (PEI)
This section of the Trans Canada Trail is a 279 km route developed on abandoned railway lines that run from Tignish at the one tip of the island to Elmira at the other tip. Including branch trails, there are 357 km altogether of rolled stone dust surfaced trails. That, together with the islands pastoral landscapes, a teeming habitat and a rich heritage are what make PEI a great destination for cyclists of all persuasions. The Confederation Trail traverses the entire province, along rivers and through wood- and wetlands; passing through quaint villages. Having little in the way of challenging terrain it is especially suitable for families and those looking for a more relaxing style of holiday. As a multi-purpose trail it also accommodates pedestrians and wheelchairs.
Take branch trails into the heart of PEI’s capital city Charlottetown and to the waterside communities of Souris, Georgetown and Montague, plus the link to the Confederation Bridge in Borden-Carleton.
2. The Kettle Valley Rail Trail, British Columbia
The Kettle Valley Railway trail is an abandoned railway bed that winds through 600 km of the Thompson Okanagan region of British Columbia. As an abandoned rail line it means you get from the valleys up into the mountains at a very manageable grade, 2,2% at the steepest . That means most sections are suitable for casual family cycling or easy day riding but there are more than enough challenges and adventure for those who seek it. There are countless trestles and tunnels, and the landscape ranges from cool mountain forests to Canada’s only pocket desert. It also slithers through several provincial parks, recreation areas and protected areas. In the wilder parts of the trail you’re likely to spot wildlife including grizzly and black bears, moose, mountain sheep, elk, deer and cougar. There are also more “civilized” trails through level countryside that branch off to some of the region’s famous wineries. Though you can cycle most of its trails year round, the region’s best weather conditions occur between April and October.
Visit one of the 80 vineyards and wineries in the area. Okanagan Wineries :: Tour B.C. Wineries
Don’t forget the beaches! Lots of them, and hot, dry summers to enjoy them in. Learn more about Kettle Valley click for the Spirit of 2010 Kettle Valley Rail Trail. Get the book! “Cycling the Kettle Valley Railway”
3. Avalon Peninsula, Newfoundland
Newfoundland’s remoteness, rugged terrain and inclement weather can be a challenge for visitors, especially for cyclists, but those who meet the challenge will find the rugged beauty and the quaint, isolated culture of the Islanders makes for a rewarding experience. The roads of Avalon Peninsula, at the southeast tip of Newfoundland, take you through 16th century villages, across barren lands and along rocky Atlantic shores. Along the coastal roads you can see whales, icebergs and two of North America’s largest sea bird colonies. Be sure to allot time to spend with the locals and enjoy the rambunctious Newfoundland culture in fishing outports, shaped by two centuries of isolation. Where else but Newfoundland would you find place names like Witless Bay, Come-by-Chance or Heart’s Content?
St. John’s, the capital city of Newfoundland is also on Avalon and, with its international airport, is a good starting point. When cycling around Newfoundland bear in mind that the distances between towns that offer services is often quite far, so be prepared with food and a tent when cycling.
On any given day be the first North American to see the sun rise at Cape Spear. Enjoy St. John’s vivid nightlife.
reference : http://www.destinationcanada.info/canadian_cycling_routes.html