Before you travel to Canada, a little planning and research are well worth the effort. Avoid the most common travel mishaps, like planning to do too much and misjudging distances between Canadian cities by knowing travel requirements, climate, transportation.
Consider the Size of Canada
Made up of 10 provinces and 3 territories, Canada is the second largest country in the world; only Russia is larger. The land plus freshwater area of Canada is 9,984,670 square kms (or 3,855 174 sq miles). In fact, coast to coast, Canada covers five time zones.
The capital of Canada’s most westerly province, Victoria is 4,491 kilometers (2,791 miles) from Toronto and a whopping 7,403 kilometers (4601 miles) from the most easterly capital, St. John’s, Newfoundland.
Before sure to know the distances to and between your destinations.
Choose Your Destination(s)
Possibly you have one destination in mind or maybe you want to build several into your Canada travel itinerary. Canada is famous for its adventure and scenic travel, but there is a wide range of destinations to suit any interest.
Decide When To Go to Canada
Maybe you head to Canada on a whim due to a strong U.S. dollar or a great travel deal or you plan your vacation way in advance. Prices, climate and available activities change depending on when you are in Canada.
Learn What Travel Documents You’ll Need
Don’t slow a vacation down by not having the right travel documents. Once a confusing issue, crossing the Canada border is now pretty straightforward: bring your passport. Some exceptions apply to U.S. citizens, but a passport or passport equivalent is the best bet.
Other nationalities may require a visa.
Aside from travel documents, know what you can and can’t bring across the Canada border. Some items may surprise you.
Canada uses the Canadian dollar, unlike its neighbour to the south that uses the U.S. dollar. Some Canada/U.S. border towns and major cities will accept both currencies, but you should familiarize yourself with Canadian money, where to get it, sales taxes, tipping and more.
Differences in Laws
Before you come to Canada, be sure to read up on local laws regarding drinking age, speed limits, regulations about bringing in firearms, liquor, and more.
Source : http://gocanada.about.com/od/canadatravelplanner/bb/travel__Canada.htm